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Michael Hill
Michael Hill

Gradle 6 Download: Binary, Complete, or Source Zip Files


Introduction




Gradle is an open-source build automation tool that provides support for multi-language development. It is a useful DevOps tool for those wanting to build, test, and deploy software on a variety of platforms. Gradle offers a flexible build model that can support developers throughout the entire development lifecycle from compiling and packaging code to publishing the final product online.




gradle download 6



Gradle works with Java, C/C++, and Groovy. It is also Googles preferred tool for the development of applications for Android.


In this article, you will learn how to download and install Gradle 6, the latest stable version of Gradle. You will also learn about some of the features and benefits of Gradle, and how it compares to other build tools like Maven.


Downloading Gradle 6




The current Gradle release is version 8.1.1, released on 21 Apr 2023. However, if you need to work with an older version of Gradle, you can download binaries and view docs for all Gradle versions from the .


The distribution zip file comes in two flavors:


  • Binary-only: contains only the executable files and libraries



  • Complete: contains the executable files, libraries, documentation, and sources



If in doubt, choose the binary-only version and browse docs and sources online.


gradle download 6.1.1 binary-only zip


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gradle download 6.8.3 release notes


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You can download the binary-only or complete distribution of Gradle 6 from the . You can also verify the checksums of the downloaded files to ensure their integrity.


Installing Gradle 6




Once you have downloaded the distribution zip file of your choice, you need to unpack it and configure your system environment to run Gradle. The steps to do this are different for each operating system.


Linux & MacOS users




  • Unzip the distribution zip file in the directory of your choosing, e.g.:$ mkdir /opt/gradle$ unzip -d /opt/gradle gradle-6.0-bin.zip$ ls /opt/gradle/gradle-6.0LICENSE NOTICE bin getting-started.html init.d lib media



  • Configure your PATH environment variable to include the bin directory of the unzipped distribution, e.g.:$ export PATH=$PATH:/opt/gradle/gradle-6.0/bin



Microsoft Windows users




  • Create a new directory C:\Gradle with File Explorer.



  • Open a second File Explorer window and go to the directory where the Gradle distribution was downloaded.



  • Double-click the ZIP archive to expose the content.



  • Drag the content folder gradle-6.0 to your newly created C:\Gradle folder.



  • In File Explorer right-click on the This PC (or Computer) icon, then click Properties -> Advanced System Settings -> Environmental Variables.



  • Under System Variables select Path, then click Edit.



  • Add an entry for C:\Gradle\gradle-6.0 - Click OK. - Open a command prompt (or a PowerShell) and run gradle -v to run gradle and display the version, e.g.:$ gradle -v------------------------------------------------------------Gradle 6.0------------------------------------------------------------Build time: 2020-11-08 18:39:06 UTCRevision: 0f0274bf0d6d8a6c4f8d333f9df31f5c68c2e53aKotlin: 1.3.50Groovy: 2.5.8Ant: Apache Ant(TM) version 1.10.7 compiled on September 1 2019JVM: 1.8.0_231 (Oracle Corporation 25.231-b11)OS: Windows 10 10.0 amd64



Verifying Gradle 6 installation




To verify that Gradle is installed correctly, you can run a simple build using the Gradle Wrapper, a script that downloads and invokes the correct version of Gradle for a given project.


The Gradle Wrapper is the preferred way of starting a Gradle build. It consists of a batch script for Windows and a shell script for other operating systems. When you start a Gradle build via the wrapper, Gradle will be automatically downloaded and used to run the build.


To use the Gradle Wrapper, you need to create a simple Java project with the following structure:


simple-java-project gradlew gradlew.bat settings.gradle src main java HelloWorld.java


The gradlew and gradlew.bat scripts are the Gradle Wrapper scripts that you can use to run the build. The settings.gradle file is a configuration file that tells Gradle the name of the project. The HelloWorld.java file is a simple Java class that prints "Hello, World!" to the standard output.


You can create these files manually or use the following commands to generate them:


  • Create a directory for the project and change into it:$ mkdir simple-java-project$ cd simple-java-project



  • Create the settings.gradle file with the following content:$ echo "rootProject.name = 'simple-java-project'" > settings.gradle



  • Create the src/main/java directory and the HelloWorld.java file with the following content:$ mkdir -p src/main/java$ cat > src/main/java/HelloWorld.java public class HelloWorld public static void main(String[] args) System.out.println("Hello, World!"); EOF



  • Create the Gradle Wrapper scripts using the wrapper task:$ gradle wrapper --gradle-version 6.0BUILD SUCCESSFUL in 2s1 actionable task: 1 executed



You should now have a simple Java project with the Gradle Wrapper ready to run.


To run the build, use the following command:$ ./gradlew buildBUILD SUCCESSFUL in 3s2 actionable tasks: 2 executed


This will compile the Java source code, run any tests, and create a JAR file in the build/libs directory.


To run the JAR file, use the following command:$ java -jar build/libs/simple-java-project.jarHello, World!


Congratulations! You have successfully verified your Gradle installation and run your first Gradle build.


Features and benefits of Gradle




Gradle is a powerful and flexible build automation tool that offers many features and benefits for developers. Here are some of them:


Flexibility




Gradle allows you to define your own custom tasks, plugins, and dependencies using a Groovy or Kotlin-based DSL (domain-specific language). You can also use existing plugins from the , which provide support for various languages, frameworks, and tools.


You can also configure your build scripts using a declarative or imperative style, depending on your preference and needs. Gradle also supports incremental builds, which means that it only executes the tasks that are necessary based on the changes in the source code.


Performance




Gradle is designed to be fast and efficient, using techniques such as parallel execution, build caching, and daemon processes to reduce build times and resource consumption. Gradle also supports distributed builds, which allow you to leverage the power of multiple machines to run your builds faster.


Gradle also integrates with , a commercial product that provides advanced features such as build scans, performance dashboards, and failure analytics to help you optimize and troubleshoot your builds.


User experience




Gradle provides a rich and intuitive user interface that gives you feedback and control over your builds. You can use the --console option to choose between plain, verbose, or rich console output modes. You can also use the --scan option to generate a comprehensive and interactive build scan that shows you detailed information about your build, such as task execution, dependency resolution, test results, and more.


Gradle also provides a powerful command-line tool that allows you to run various tasks and commands with ease. You can use the --help option to get help on any task or command, or use the <c


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